New Brunswick Ladder Safety
This material has been extracted from the Acts and Regulations of the Province to help students understand the subject. It is not an official source of information and must not be used for any other purpose.
© QUEEN’S PRINTER FOR NEW BRUNSWICK
NEW BRUNSWICK REGULATION 91-191
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT
Filed December 3, 1991
PART V NOISE AND VIBRATION
33.1(2) In this section, "structural fire-fighting apparatus" includes pumper units, foam apparatus, aerial ladders, aerial devices and other similar apparatus. 97-121
51.91 Where a portable ground ladder is used for structural fire-fighting, an employer shall ensure that it meets or exceeds NFPA 1931, "Standard on Design of and Design Verification Tests for Fire Department Ground" Ladders, 1994 edition, and is used, maintained and tested in accordance with NFPA 1932, "Standard on Use, Maintenance and Service Testing of Fire Department Ground Ladders", 1994 edition.
51.92(1) Where an aerial device is used for structural fire-fighting, an employer shall ensure that it
(a) meets or exceeds NFPA 1904, "Standard for Testing Fire Department Aerial Devices", 1991 edition or Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada standard CAN/ULC - S515 - M88, "Standard for Automobile Fire Fighting Apparatus", or
(b) is certified in writing by an engineer as being safe to elevate personnel to a work site above ground when used for structural fire-fighting purposes.
51.92(2) In this section, "aerial device" includes an aerial bucket, aerial ladder, elevating platform, aerial ladder platform or water tower that is designed to position personnel, handle materials, provide egress or discharge water, as the case may be.
Bulk Material in Bins, Hoppers and Process Vessels 54 An employer shall ensure that a bin, hopper or process vessel used to store bulk material
(a) is designed and built for removal of the material from the bottom, if the material is highly combustible, is provided with a lid and an adequate entilation system and is fire-resistive, and where appropriate, is provided on the outside with stairways or fixed ladders with platforms and guardrails.
Openings 111(1) An employer and a contractor shall each ensure that an opening into which an employee may fall, other than a hatchway, chute, pit or trap-door opening, is guarded
(a) on all exposed sides by guardrails, or
(b) by an adequately strong and supported cover secured over the opening.
111(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where an opening leads to a stairway or ladder, an employer and a contractor shall each ensure that the opening is guarded on all exposed sides, other than the entrance to the stairway or ladder, by guardrails.
Fixed Ladders points as are required to prevent sway,
(e) has a clearance of at least 165 mm maintained between the rungs and the structure to which the ladder is affixed,
(f) does not have any rungs that extend above a landing,
(g) has side rails or other secure hand holds that extend at least 1.07 m above the landing and are spaced not less than 685 mm apart, and
(h) is removed from service when it has loose, broken or missing rungs, split side rails or other defects that may be hazardous to an employee.
121(2) An employer shall ensure that a fixed ladder that is more than 6 m in height is equipped with
(a) ladder cages, or
(b) a safety device that is designed and constructed to lock and to suspend an employee using the device if the employee loses hold of the ladder.
121(3) Subsection (2) does not apply where an employee on the ladder uses an individual fall-arresting system.
121(4) Where a ladder cage is used on a fixed ladder, an employer shall ensure that
(a) the cage is provided with metal hoops spaced to prevent an employee from falling away from the ladder and to contain an employee who may lean or fall against the cage,
(b) the cage extends not less than 685 mm and not more than 725 mm from the centre line of the rungs of the ladder,
(c) the cage is not less than 685 mm wide where it attaches to the ladder,
(d) the cage extends from a point 2.5 m from the base of the ladder to the top of the ladder,
(e) the inside of the cage is free of projections, and
(f) if the fixed ladder is more than 9 m in height, it is equipped with a rest platform at intervals of no more than 9 m. 96-106
PART XI TEMPORARY STRUCTURES Portable Ladders 122(1) An employer shall ensure that a portable ladder used at a place of
employment is when it has loose, broken or missing rungs, split side rails or other defects that may be hazardous to the safety of an employee.
123 An employer shall ensure that a wooden portable ladder
(a) is made of No. 1 grade or better spruce or fir,
(b) is not painted other than by being preserved with a transparent protective coating,
(c) if a single ladder, does not exceed 6 m in length,
(d) has rungs
(i) free of knots,
(ii) designed to carry a load of 200 kg placed at the centre,
(iii) uniformly spaced with a maximum rise of 300 mm,
(iv) secured to each side of the side rail of the ladder by at least three screws or barbed nails of adequate length or by attachments giving equivalent or better strength, and
(v) notched into the side rails of the ladder at least 13 mm on the lower side or with fillers installed between the rungs, and
(e) has side rails
(i) dressed on all sides and without sharp edges, and
(ii) with a uniform clear width between them of not less than 300 mm for ladders 3 m in length or less, and increasing 1 mm in width for each 100 mm in excess of 3 m.
124(1) An employer shall ensure that a portable ladder complies with and is used in accordance with CSA standard CAN 3-Z11-M81, "Portable Ladders". position, and
(c) when extended, maintains a minimum overlap as follows:
(i) where the ladder is 11 m or less, the overlap shall be 1 m;
(ii) where the ladder exceeds 11 m and is 15 m or less, the overlap shall be 1.25 m; and
(iii) where the ladder exceeds 15 m and is 22 m or less, the overlap shall be 1.5
m. 125(1) An employee who uses a portable ladder shall
(a) inspect the ladder before use,
(b) report any unsafe condition of the ladder to the employer,
(c) face the ladder and use both hands when climbing or descending, and
(d) when standing on a ladder, stand in the centre between the side rails. 125(2) An employee who uses a portable ladder shall ensure that
(a) the ladder is secured against movement,
(b) the side rails of the ladder extend at least 1 m above any platform or landing to which the ladder is a means of access, and
(c) if a step ladder, the legs are securely held in position by means of metal braces or an equivalent rigid support.
125(3) An employee who uses a portable ladder shall not
(a) splice ladders together unless the spliced section is braced so that the spliced side rails are as strong as the original side rails,
(b) place a ladder in front of or against a door unless the door is blocked in the open position, locked or guarded,
(c) use a ladder as scaffold flooring or as support for scaffold flooring,
(d) stand on the material shelf, the top or the top step of a portable step ladder, or
(e) work from the top three rungs of a portable single or extension ladder. 125(4) Paragraphs (1)(d) and (3)(c) and (e) do not apply to a firefighter engaged in structural fire-fighting or rescue.
Where an employee is using a portable ladder and is working close to an energized electrical utility line or utility line equipment, the employer and the employee shall each comply with the appropriate provisions of
2001-33 136(1) An employer shall ensure that a metal scaffold
(a) is erected, used, maintained and dismantled in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications,
(b) if less than 6 m in height, is equipped with a continuous access ladder or stairway commencing at ground level, and
(c) if 6 m or greater in height, is equipped with a continuous access stairway commencing at ground level.
2001-33 (c) is used only for operations where the work period between changes of scaffold position is of short duration and the load on the scaffold does not exceed
1.2 kPa, and
(d) is not used by more than two employees at any one time.
138(2) An employer shall ensure that a ladder-jack assembly is securely fastened to the ladder so that it bears on the side rails.
138(3) Where a manufactured platform is used on a ladder-jack scaffold, an employer shall ensure that the platform is a minimum of 500 mm in width and is supported at intervals not exceeding 3 m.
142(5) An employer shall ensure that the platform of swing staging is not less than 500 mm in clear width and is either a ladder type platform or a plank type platform. 142(6) An employer shall ensure that the side stringers, rungs and tie rods of a ladder type platform for swing staging conform to the following table:
LADDER TYPE PLATFORMS FOR SWING STAGING
142(7) An employer shall ensure that the flooring of a ladder type platform on swing staging is at least 19 mm thick plywood or another material of equivalent strength.
PART XIII EXCAVATIONS AND TRENCHES
182(1) An employer shall ensure that an employee does not, and no employee shall, enter an excavation or trench 1.2 m or more in depth unless
(a) the walls of the excavation or trench are supported by shoring, bracing or caging, the excavation or trench is cut in solid rock or the excavation or trench is sloped or benched to within 1.2 m of the bottom of the excavation or trench with the slope not exceeding 1 m of vertical rise to each 1 m of horizontal run,
(b) subsections 181(2), (3) and (4) have been complied with,
(c) loose material that may fall into the excavation or trench has been removed, and
a ladder that extends at least 1 m above the excavation or trench is installed no more than 15 m from where the employee is working or some other safe means of access and egress is provided.
PART XIV PITS AND QUARRIES
192(2) Where a walkway under subsection (1) is inclined at more than 20 degrees and less than 50 degrees to the horizontal, an employer shall provide stairways or ladderways.
192(3) Where a walkway under subsection (1) is inclined at more than 50 degrees to the horizontal, an employer shall provide ladderways.
Utility Lines and Utility Line Equipment
297 Where an employee may come closer to an energized electrical utility line or utility line equipment than a distance specified in subsection 289(1), an employer shall ensure that the employee does not use, and an employee shall not use a metal ladder or wire reinforced ladder.
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