PEI Legislation

Prince Edward Island Fire Safety

This material has been extracted from the Acts and Regulations of the Province to help students understand the subject. It is not an official source of information and must not be used for any other purpose.

The following material is © Government of Prince Edward Island

Cap. O-1.01 Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations

5.1 In every workplace the employer shall ensure that
(i) every precaution shall be taken to prevent gasoline, oil or grease
being spilled on floors; if gasoline, oil or grease is spilled on floors
so as to constitute a slipping or fire hazard, the area affected shall be
cleaned up immediately;
(j) combustible materials such as shavings, waste, oily rags, etc.,
shall not be allowed to accumulate on floors, benches or in places
where they would constitute a fire hazard;
(k) flammable rubbish, weeds and grass shall not be allowed to
accumulate in yards around buildings or around flammable material
(l) waste chemicals such as heat producing (oxidizing) compounds
shall be disposed of in safe areas;

7.1 The employer shall ensure that liquid fuel or gas for a temporary
heating device in excess of one day’s supply shall
(a) be stored in safe conditions;
(b) not be stored in a building or structure unless in a fire resistant room constructed for the purpose;
(c) not be stored adjacent to a means of egress. (EC180/87)
7.2 The employer shall ensure that a fuel fired heating device, including
a temporary furnace
(a) shall be placed on the ground or on a non-combustible floor, but it may be placed upon a wooden floor if it is separated therefrom by 76 mm (3 in.) of non-combustible material covered by sheet metal and extending 600 mm (23.6 in.) beyond all sides of the device;
(b) shall be so located, protected and used that it will not ignite
(i) tarpaulins or similar temporary enclosures, or
(ii) wood or other combustible materials;
(c) shall be provided with a securely supported short metal pipe to discharge the products of combustion outdoors where necessary;
(d) shall, where specified by the manufacturer, be vented to the outside atmosphere to remove harmful or noxious fumes;
(e) shall be used only where there is adequate general ventilation while employees are in the building or structure. (EC180/87)
7.3 The employer shall ensure that portable heaters are not (a) used in a confined space;
(b) located in or adjacent to a means of egress. (EC180/87)
7.4 An approved fire extinguisher of adequate size shall be readily available at the location of every temporary heating device. (EC180/87)
7.5 Temporary steam piping shall be
(a) securely supported; and
(b) insulated or protected by screens or guards where employees are likely to accidentally come into contact with the piping. (EC180/87)

25.1 At least one approved 4.5 kg (10 lb.) ABC multipurpose fire
extinguisher shall be provided
(a) in every workshop;
(b) in every storage building for combustible materials;
(c) in places where welding or flame cutting operations are carried on and for a reasonable time after their conclusion; and
(d) on each storey having a floor space of 464.5 m² (5000 sq. ft.) or less in an enclosed building being constructed or altered, and an additional fire extinguisher for each additional 464.5 m² (5000 sq.
ft.) of floor space in the storey or any fraction thereof. (EC180/87)
Ladder jacks
Construction sites
Single section

25.2 One or more dry chemical extinguishers with a capacity of 2.2 kg (5
lb.) ABC multipurpose or equally effective extinguisher shall be provided
(a) where flammable liquids are stored or handled;
(b) where oil or gas-fired heating equipment is used; and
(c) where a tar or asphalt kettle is used. (EC180/87)
25.3 Where fire extinguishing equipment might freeze, use of a suitable non-freezing solution or other effective precautions shall be taken to prevent freezing. (EC180/87)
25.4 Fire extinguishers shall be
(a) protected from mechanical injury;
(b) located for easy access at suitably marked stations; and
(c) maintained in good operating condition. (EC180/87)
25.5 Where a permanent standpipe is to be installed in a building, it shall
(a) be installed progressively, so far as is practicable, as the building construction proceeds;
(b) be provided with a valve at each hose outlet;
(c) be provided at each hose outlet with a nozzle of not less than 38 mm (1 1/2in.) diameter installed in all storeys in such locations that each portion of the building is protected by means of a hose not over 22 870 mm (900 in.) in length; and
(d) have a suitable connection for the municipal fire department
located on the street side, not more than 900 mm (36 in.) and not less than 300 mm (12 in.) above grade. (EC180/87)
25.6 No person shall use gasoline or highly volatile material for starting fires. (EC180/87)
25.7 This Part is in addition to, and not in substitution for the Fire Prevention Act R.S.P.E.I. 1974, Cap. F-7.1 requirements in force in the province. (EC180/87)
26.5 Explosives in excess of 22.7 kg (50 lbs.) shall not be conveyed in any vehicle which is carrying as merchandise any articles liable to cause or communicate fire or explosion. (EC180/87)
26.6 Vehicles used to transport explosives shall be in good working order and shall be equipped with a tight wooden floor, or a floor covered with leather, tarpaulin or other suitable material. The body of the vehicle shall be closed in or be provided with sides and ends sufficiently high to prevent the explosives from falling off, or, if an open bodied vehicle is used, the explosives shall be tightly covered with a fire resistant tarpaulin. (EC180/87)
26.7 All metal in vehicles liable to come in contact with explosive packages shall be covered with wood, tarpaulin or other suitable material. (EC180/87)
26.8 Employees engaged in the loading, unloading or conveying of explosives shall ensure that all precautions are taken to prevent accidents by fire or explosion. (EC180/87)
26.10 Vehicles to be used for the transportation of explosives shall be fully serviced with supplies of fuel, oil and air before being loaded with explosives. (EC180/87)
26.11 Any vehicle carrying explosives shall be equipped with a fire extinguisher
26.27 No fires, lights, matches, oiled waste, iron, steel, grit or any article liable to spontaneous ignition or likely to cause explosion or fire shall be taken into or permitted to be at any time in the store or within 7.5 m (25 ft.) of a place where explosives are being handled, transported or used. (EC180/87)

37.2 The employer shall ensure that a welding and cutting operation is prohibited in an area containing combustible materials, or in the close proximity of explosive or flammable dusts, gases or vapours, unless adequate precautions are taken to prevent fires or explosions.
37.3 The employer shall provide tables, jigs or work benches made of nonflammable material when needed for support during welding and cutting operations. (EC180/87)
37.4 Overhead welding and cutting operations shall be carried out in such a manner as to prevent slag and sparks from falling on persons or combustible materials located below a work area. (EC180/87)
37.5 Fire retardant blankets shall be placed over open gratings to contain slag and sparks produced by welding and cutting operations. (EC180/87)
37.6 In places where welding and cutting operations are normally carriedout and where persons other than the welders are working or passing, suitable stationary or portable screens at least 1 800 mm (6 ft.) high shall be used. (EC180/87)
37.7 Walls and screens of both permanent and temporary enclosures for welding and cutting operations shall be painted with black or dark grey flat paint to absorb the harmful bright rays and prevent reflection. (EC180/87)
37.8 The employer shall ensure that adequate fire extinguishing equipment in good working order is readily available where any welding, soldering or flame-cutting or heating operations or any other process which uses heat application are performed. (EC180/87)
37.9 The employer shall ensure that all employees engaged in welding or cutting operations wear, and all employees shall wear
(a) adequate fire retardant work clothing;
(b) fire retardant gauntlet type gloves and arm protection;
(c) an apron of fire retardant or other adequate material;
37.17 The employer shall ensure that cylinders for compressed, liquefied and dissolved gases, their fittings and attachments are used in accordance with the Fire Prevention Act. (EC180/87)
37.18 The employer shall ensure that cylinders containing flammable compressed gas are not stored in areas where welding or cutting operations are carried out, or in areas containing oxygen cylinders, unless they are separated by a fire resistant partition having a fireresistance rating of at least two hours. (EC180/87)
37.23 Devices for holding cylinders shall be such that cylinders can be rapidly removed in case of fire. (EC180/87)

41.5 No employee shall
(a) climb upon or work under a lodged tree or suspended log;
(b) place or leave any equipment or device in a manner that might
endanger his safety or that of any other person;
(c) use gasoline or other flammable liquids to kindle fires;
(d) smoke within 9 m (30 ft.) of gasoline or other flammable material storage area. (EC180/87)

41.13 When operating a chain saw during the fire season, an employee shall have a fire extinguisher readily available and in proper working condition. (EC180/87)
43.17 Where barrels or drums containing flammable liquids are stored in special storerooms inside factories or in small isolated storehouses, the storeroom or house shall be of fire-resistant construction and the floor of the storeroom or house shall slope to a drain pipe leading outside to a catch basin which shall not be connected to a sewer. (EC180/87)
43.25 (1) Carboys containing acids, which when in contact with living tissue will cause severe damage of such tissue by chemical action or in case of leakage will materially damage or destroy other material by chemical action or are liable to cause fire when in contact with organic matter, shall be encased singly in baskets or in boxes cushioned with non-combustible packing.
43.36 Bins used for storing highly combustible dry materials shall be of fire-resistant construction and provided with lids and an adequate ventilation system. (EC180/87)

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