WHMIS

Saskatchewan Legislation

Saskatchewan Office Ergonomics

This material has been extracted from the Acts and Regulations of the Province to help students understand the subject. It is not an official source of information and must not be used for any other purpose.

The following is Copyright©2009 The Queen’s Printer, Saskatchewan

The Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 1996

Lifting and handling loads
78(1) An employer or contractor shall ensure, where reasonably practicable, that
suitable equipment is provided and used for the handling of heavy or awkward
loads.
(2) Where the use of equipment is not reasonably practicable, an employer or
contractor shall take all practicable means to adapt heavy or awkward loads to
facilitate lifting, holding or transporting by workers or to otherwise minimize the
manual handling required.
(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker engages in the manual
lifting, holding or transporting of a load that, by reason of its weight, size or shape, or by any combination of these or by reason of the frequency, speed or manner in which the load is lifted, held or transported, is likely to be injurious to the worker’s health or safety.
(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who is to engage in the
lifting, holding or transporting of loads receives appropriate training in safe
methods of lifting, holding or carrying of loads.
4 Oct 96 cO-1.1 Reg 1 s78.

Standing
79(1) Where workers are required to stand for long periods in the course of their
work, an employer or contractor shall provide adequate anti-fatigue mats, footrests
or other suitable devices to give relief to workers.
(2) Where wet processes are used, an employer or contractor shall ensure that
reasonable drainage is maintained and that false floors, platforms, mats or other
dry standing places are provided, maintained and kept clean.

4 Oct 96 cO-1.1 Reg 1 s79.
Sitting
80(1) Where, in the course of their work, workers have reasonable opportunities
for sitting without substantial detriment to their work, an employer or contractor
shall provide and maintain for their use appropriate seating to enable the workers
to sit.
(2) Where a substantial portion of any work can properly be done sitting, an
employer or contractor shall provide and maintain:
(a) a seat that is suitably designed, constructed, dimensioned and supported
for the worker to do the work; and
(b) where needed, a footrest that can readily and comfortably support the
worker’s feet.

4 Oct 96 cO-1.1 Reg 1 s80.
Musculoskeletal injuries
81(1) In this section, “musculoskeletal injury” means an injury or disorder of
the muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, joints, bones or supporting vasculature
that may be caused or aggravated by any of the following:
(a) repetitive motions;
(b) forceful exertions;
(c) vibration;
(d) mechanical compression;
(e) sustained or awkward postures;
(f) limitations on motion or action;
(g) other ergonomic stressors.
(2) An employer or contractor, in consultation with the committee, shall regularly
review the activities at the place of employment that may cause or aggravate
musculoskeletal injuries.

O-1.1 REG 1
(3) Where a risk of musculoskeletal injury is identified, an employer or contractor
shall:
(a) inform each worker who may be at risk of developing musculoskeletal
injury of that risk and of the signs and common symptoms of any
musculoskeletal injury associated with that worker’s work; and
(b) provide effective protection for each worker who may be at risk, which
may include any of the following:
(i) providing equipment that is designed, constructed, positioned and
maintained to reduce the harmful effects of an activity;
(ii) implementing appropriate work practices and procedures to reduce
the harmful effects of an activity;
(iii) implementing work schedules that incorporate rest and recovery
periods, changes in workload or other arrangements for alternating
work to reduce the harmful effects of an activity.
(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that workers who may be at risk of
developing musculoskeletal injury are instructed in the safe performance of the
worker’s work, including the use of appropriate work practices and procedures,
equipment and personal protective equipment.
(5) Where a worker has symptoms of musculoskeletal injury, an employer or
contractor shall:
(a) advise the worker to consult a physician or a health care professional
who is registered or licensed pursuant to an Act to practise any of the healing
arts; and
(b) promptly review the activities of that worker and of other workers doing
similar tasks to identify any cause of the symptoms and to take corrective
measures to avoid further injuries.
4 Oct 96 cO-1.1 Reg 1 s81.
Shift work and constant effort and exertion
82 Where a worker works shifts or a worker’s work demands constant and
uninterrupted mental effort or constant and uninterrupted physical exertion, an
employer or contractor, in consultation with the committee, shall:
(a) assess the risks to the worker’s health and safety of the worker’s work;
and
(b) inform the worker of the nature and extent of the risks mentioned in
clause (a) and the ways to eliminate or reduce those risks.
4 Oct 96 cO-1.1 Reg 1 s82.

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